Migrer de Git vers SVN
We’ve broken down the SVN-to-Git migration process into 5 simple steps:
- Prepare your environment for the migration.
- Convert the SVN repository to a local Git repository.
- Synchronize the local Git repository when the SVN repository changes.
- Share the Git repository with your developers via Bitbucket.
- Migrate your development efforts from SVN to Git.
The prepare, convert, and synchronize steps take a SVN commit history and turn it into a Git repository. The best way to manage these first 3 steps is to designate one of your team members as the migration lead (if you’re reading this guide, that person is probably you). All 3 of these steps should be performed on the migration lead’s local computer.
Après la phase de synchronisation, le responsable de la migration ne devrait pas avoir de difficulté à garder le dépôt Git local à jour avec un équivalent SVN. Pour partager le dépôt Git, le responsable de la migration peut partager son dépôt Git local avec d'autres développeurs en le pushant vers Bitbucket, un service d'hébergement Git.
Once it’s on Bitbucket, other developers can clone the converted Git repository to their local machines, explore its history with Git commands, and begin integrating it into their build processes. However, we advocate a one-way synchronization from SVN to Git until your team is ready to switch to a pure Git workflow. This means that everybody should treat their Git repository as read-only and continue committing to the original SVN repository. The only changes to the Git repository should happen when the migration lead synchronizes it and pushes the updates to Bitbucket.
This provides a clear-cut transition period where your team can get comfortable with Git without interrupting your existing SVN-based workflow. Once you’re confident that your developers are ready to make the switch, the final step in the migration process is to freeze your SVN repository and begin committing with Git instead.
This switch should be a very natural process, as the entire Git workflow is already in place and your developers have had all the time they need to get comfortable with it. By this point, you have successfully migrated your project from SVN to Git.